Empires rose and fell along the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates, while a civilization as yet unsurpassed emerged.
Discover myths, history, and more from the world’s most ancient civilization!
Mesopotamia, the land between two rivers, was an ancient region located in modern-day Iraq and parts of Iran, Syria, and Turkey.
From the founding of Eridu in the sixth millennium BCE to the fall of Babylon in the first, the history of Mesopotamia spans almost 5,000 years. It was not only the earliest but also the greatest civilization in human history.
Sumerians, Assyrians, Akkadians, and Babylonians were just some of the associated cultures. For a long time, the only way to understand their history has been through dense academic sources. This is in part due to the huge time frame and the lack of easily understood ancient sources.